Redox chemistry plays an important role in the precise production of targeted valuable chemicals. However, achieving accurate control of the redox process still lacks the guidance of mechanistic insight. This paper describes how doping can enhance redox performance of vanadia for chemical looping oxidative propane dehydrogenation. By elucidating the dynamic redox process of vanadia, we discovered that molybdenum (Mo) dopant lowers the phase transformation barrier from defective V2O5 toward VO2. In the VO2 phase, Mo doping modulates chemical properties of every oxygen atom, while doping in V2O5 only affects the oxygen atoms that directly bond with the dopants. Charge analysis indicated that the conductive nature of VO2 delocalizes charge within the lattice and alters the overall chemical properties. Experiments confirmed that Mo-doped VO2 is the dominant phase during the redox process, exhibiting the best catalytic performance. Hence, delocalization could be key to future chemical applications of efficiently doped materials.
Read more in our recent publication at Chem:
Role of delocalized electrons on the doping effect in vanadia